Aquaponics is a system that combines cultivation of fish and plants simultaneously without any waste production or use of soil. It is quite an advanced method of breeding fish and growing organic plants and can be easily done at home with a few components and a little technical knowledge. If you are a beginner or an experienced aquaponics person, this guide will help you get started or improve your existing aquaponics system.You will know more information on aquaponics design.
To begin with, you require the below components:
1. Fish Tank: If you are starting the system for your home or family, a small fish tank should be enough. You can breed one pound of fish every 10 gallons of water.
2. Grow Bed: This is the place where your fruits and vegetables will grow, so you must be careful while choosing the grow bed material. Metal barrels can be toxic as the pH level increases. It is better to opt for 6 to 8 inches deep wooden grow bed that can be lined with pond liner or you can choose plastic or silicon containers. Also, the grow bed needs to be sturdy enough to hold the pressure of growing plants, gravel, water and the pumping and draining pressure.
3. Water Pump: Pump is a part of the overall construction of aquaponics design as it helps to pump water from the fish tank into the grow bed.
4. Pipes or Siphon: Standpipes or siphon need be installed during the aquaponics design to transfer clean water back to the fish tank from the grow bed. Expert aquaponics prefer to use siphons; however, you can use pipes also if the plumbing is done well.
Now that you have all the components needed for the aquaponics design, you are ready to construct your own aquaponic system. Before you start building the system, it is vital to understand how it works.
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How it Works:
1. The grow bed is filled with gravel, such as, perlite, lava rock, expanded clay pallets, etc.
2. Find a place that gets sufficient heat and sunlight to grow your plants. If you live in a place with cold climatic conditions, then you must make a greenhouse for your aquaponics system.
3. Drill a hole at the bottom of the grow bed to fit in the standpipes and another hole on the opposite side to fit the drain pipe coming from the pump.
4. The water pump fills the gravel with water filled with fish waste. The waste provides nutrients to the plants seedlings to grow and the clean water is then drained back into the fish tank.
This little ecosystem helps the plants grow much faster and without any manure or soil requirements. Due to its natural cycle, there is little to no maintenance required once the system is set-up successfully. It can be a little tricky to get the little parts such as pipes and pumps and the overall plumbing to connect effectively.
However, it is not very complicated and with a little patience and right technique, anyone can build a perfect aquaponics system in their backyard or on a desktop.
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